The Republic of Nepal is a tiny landlocked country located in South Asia and one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio- diversity due to its unique geographical feature and altitudinal variation. Trekking in Nepal is one of the most popular activity through out the world.The elevation of the country ranges from 60m above sea level to the highest point in the earth, Mt Everest at 8,848m all within a distance of 150km resulting in to climatic condition form sub- tropical to Arctic. From the highest mountain in the world to dense forests that are home to a rich and wide variety of wildlife and fauna, within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. Nepal is also home to a rich cultural heritage and it offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found no where else on earth. Moreover, you can join in the numerous annual festivals that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs. A visit to Nepal is not only about discovering a new destination but also building new friendships and lasting memories from the Nepal Himalaya.
Nepal's acronym of Never Ending Peace And Love, does well to characterize this nation of good natured and accommodating people; a land of majestic Himalayan scenery comprising eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including Mt Everest. Situated between India and Tibet, the democracy of Nepal is filled with many different ethnic groups, customs and traditions reflected in a wonderfully diverse geography.
Spread across these varied altitudes is communities of colorful cultures and people (many untouched by modern development), animated cities and towns, and far-flung mountain villages. Life here revolves around an intricate intermingling of ancient Hindu and Buddhist religious rituals. Numerous festivals are celebrated throughout the year colored by a diversity of religious and tribal traditions. The capital of Kathmandu brings an assortment of these different societies together into a vibrant collection of brilliant sights and exotic smells, with modern shops co-existing with street sellers, while pyramidal Buddhist temples, holy Sadhus of the Hindu faith and medieval palace squares fill the urban landscape.
Nepal has many attractions, the essence of the country is its smiling, friendly people with their heartfelt palm-pressed greetings and together with its inspiring Nepal Himalaya’s scenery, Nepal is a place where one visit is usually not enough to satisfy the captivated traveler.
Location: Situated between India in the South, East and West and China in the North
Area: 1,47,181 sq.km
Population: about 26 million
People: Nepal has more than 60 caste/ethnic group and 70 spoken languages
Time Zone: 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.
Currency: Nepali Rupees (approximately US$ 1 equal to 75.29)
Political System: Multy Party Democracy System.
Nepal has four major season
Nepal can visited whole year round
Language: Nepali is the national language of Nepal. Educated people understand and speak English as well. There are hundreds of local dialects spoken by people from various ethnic groups.
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons, namely,(1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August and (4) Autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited all the year round.
People and Religion: Nepalese people are mainly divided into two distinct groups, the Indo-Aryans and the Mangoloids (the Kirats). Before 2007 AD, Nepal was regarded as the only Hindu Kingdom in the world. But after that the Government of Nepal has already announced the country to be secular country. The Hindu Temples and Buddhist Shrines are scattered all over the Kingdom. Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Herald of Peace, the Light of Asia. Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims and Christians live together in harmony. And other nature worshippers, too, exist here.
Currency and Foreign exchange: Nepali Rupee notes come in Rs. 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 denominations. Coins come in Rs. 1, 2 , 5 and 10 denominations.Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through banks or authorized money exchangers. The receipts of such transaction are to be obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange foreign currency at the foreign exchange counter at the airport upon arrival. Visitors other than the Indian nationals have to make the payment in foreign currency (non-Indian currency) in hotel, trekking agencies or travel agencies and for air tickets.
Life expectancy:68 years (men), 70 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit : 1 Nepalese rupee = 100 paisa
Main exports : Carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods, grain
GNI per capita: US $480 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain : .np
International dialing code : +977
Access to Nepal :
You can fly directly to Kathmandu from London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, Amsterdam, Doha, Dubai, Dhaka, Karachi, Munich, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Paro, Lhasa, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Bangalore, New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Calcutta and Varanasi. Charter flights can also be arranged for large movements. All flights feature business class and amenities of international standards. Nepal Airlines, Thai Airways, Qatar Airways, Indian Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Biman Bangladesh, Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Air Sahara , Jet Airways, Austrian Air, Martinair, Air China, Druk Air fly to Nepal regularly.
Nepal-India border Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Mahendra Nagar, Nepal-China border Kodari.
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